Urban and Rural Areas
The Census Bureau’s urban-rural classification is fundamentally a delineation of geographical areas, identifying both individual urban areas and the rural areas of the nation. The Census Bureau’s urban areas represent densely developed territory, and encompass residential, commercial, and other non-residential urban land uses. For the 2010 Census, an urban area will comprise a densely settled core of census tracts and/or census blocks that meet minimum population density requirements, along with adjacent territory containing non-residential urban land uses as well as territory with low population density included to link outlying densely settled territory with the densely settled core. To qualify as an urban area, the territory identified according to criteria must encompass at least 2,500 people, at least 1,500 of which reside outside institutional group quarters. The Census Bureau identifies two types of urban areas:
Urbanized Areas (UAs) of 50,000 or more people;
Urban Clusters (UCs) of at least 2,500 people and less than 50,000 people.
“Rural” encompasses all population, housing, and territory not included within an urban area.
Facts about Arizona urban areas from 2010 Census:
Total number of 2010 Census urban areas in Arizona: 69
Number of urbanized areas (UAs): 9
Number of urban clusters (UCs): 60
Total urban population in Arizona: 5,740,659
Urbanized area (UA) population: 5,117,783
Urban cluster (UC) population: 622,876
Total rural population in Arizona: 651,358
Percent of the Arizona population that is urban: 89.8%